Back pain is the most common problem faced by people. Eight in ten people will experience back pain at some point in their lifetime. Back pain affects all age groups. However, it is more commonly seen among adults aged between 35 to 45 years.
Men and women are equally affected with Low Back Pain (LBP). Even children and teens suffer from back pain.
Back pain is described as dull, shooting or piercing pain in the back. The pain aggravates with the slightest of movement, sneezing or coughing. Back pain may radiate to the abdomen, leg or foot.
How is Back Pain Caused?
Back pain is mainly caused by strained muscles or ligaments of the back, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, kidney stones, infections, fibromyalgia and endometriosis in females.
Daily activities or poor posture may also lead to back pain.
Pregnancy causes uncomfortable back pain for most of the women, but it can be managed and relieved by some simple exercises. (View Infographic on Back Pain http://www.medindia.net/health-infographics/back-pain.htm)
Smoking Linked to Back Pain
Smokers are three times more likely to suffer from back pain than non-smokers, report sources.
A recent study published in the journal Human Brain Mapping found that the connection between the two brain regions (the nucleus accumbens and the medial prefrontal cortex) plays a crucial role in chronic pain development. The research team also found that smoking affects brain circuitry linked to chronic pain by reducing the blood flow to the back and the spinal region.
Smoking reduces calcium absorption and prevents the new bone growth; this leaves the smokers with a higher risk of an osteoporotic fracture compared with non-smokers. Nicotine decreases the blood flow to the spinal region. However, it may also damage tissue in the lower back by reducing the circulation and diminishing the flow of nutrients to joints and muscles.
Hence, smokers are more prone to back pain and spine problems than non-smokers. Quitting smoking offers significant relief to people experiencing severe back pain.
Ways to Minimize the Occurrence of Back Pain