The passing of the legislation - ‘Transplantation of Human Organ Act’ and the recognition of brain stem death,in the Indian Parliament has made the deceased donation programme in India possible.
Spain has the highest number of organ donation rate from brain dead patients in the world at 33 per million population - Spain has a population of 40 million and has on an average 1340 Brain donors every year – 33x 40 =1340. This has been possible due to the co-ordination network between 139 hospitals. In India our current organ donation rate is 0.07 per million ( about 70 Cadaver donors per year ). However if we can improve it even to 1 per million donation - we could take care of some of the organ shortages in India and this is how the arithmetic’s would work -
The above projections would obviously change if the demand in India increases and more centres have the capability of doing organ transplants. In Tamil Nadu , one of the leading states in the country that is actively pursuing deceased donation programme. There have been 23 donations in the last six months.
The cadaver programme needs to be given a priority and efforts should be made to encourage hospitals and state governments to promote the programme. We in India at present may not be able to compare our economic progress with some of the western counter parts, but countries in second league like Poland and Hungary are today able to do an Organ donation rate of 6 per million. Even the conservative society of Turkey does 1.5 per million.