The 20s and 30s is the reproductive age group and may face gynecological problems such as menstrual issues. These may be heavy or irregular menses, painful periods, severe pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS), etc. Miscarriages or pregnancy related problems are also common.
Have regular gynecological examinations. They can prevent and treat many of these problems. Undergo a sonography, which is an excellent test to diagnose common problems like fibroids, endometriosis or polycystic ovaries. Your treatment will depend on the diagnosis.
For PMS, which causes bloating, breast pain, mood changes etc, reduce the intake of salt, refined flour and caffeine. Increase the intake of vitamin E and primrose oil supplements. In severe cases, use hormonal pills, like ethinyl oestradiol with drospirenone. Undergo a Pap smear test.
Vaccinate yourself against rubella. Under your doctor’s supervision, take the HPV vaccine during adolescence or as a young adult. In prevents cancer of cervix.
Update your knowledge of contraception and use it wisely to prevent unwanted pregnancies and complications arising from MTPs (medically terminated pregnancies). Start taking folic acid before pregnancy. You should go for regular antenatal check-ups. Exercise and a healthy diet are also very important. Keep extra weight at bay. If you are under weight or over weight there will be problem in conceiving.