Orbital Cellulitis

Posted by S Prabhu Subramaniyam on Fri, Jul 24, 2009  
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It is refered as inflammation of soft tissue of orbit or eyeball behind the orbital septum.

Aetiology: 1.Exogenous- Any injury or retraction of foriegn body.

                 2.Extention of infection from surrounding organ- paranasal sinusitis, caries teeth, bony tumors,etc

                 3.Endogenous- retroretinal infection or tumors, optic neuralgia,etc

Symptoms: Painful swelling of eye lid, visual disturbence, nausea, headache,etc

Signs: Restricted ocular movements, pianfulness, restlessness,etc

Investigations: Bacterial culture, tomography, computerised sonography, Haemoglobin tests.

Management: Immediate antibiotic therapy, antiinflammatry drugs, analgesics, even surgery can cure this condition.


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