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An Overview And Symptoms Of Hypertension

Posted by emilyrichrx on Wed, Mar 18, 2020  
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Hypertension or blood pressure problem has become a common issue today and has affected millions of people around the globe. It is a condition where a long-term force of the blood is against the walls of the arteries, which is excessively high and can cause health issues like heart disease.

Blood pressure is measured by the amount of blood that your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to the blood that flows in your arteries. If the heart pumps more blood and your arteries are narrower, then your blood pressure shall be higher.

A person can suffer from the issue of high blood pressure for years without any symptoms. Even though the symptoms are not visible, the damage to the blood vessels and your heart can be diagnosed.

If the issue of the problem of blood pressure goes undetected and remains uncontrolled, it can increase the risk of serious health issues, which includes heart attack and stroke. Blood pressure issue generally develops over many years, and there is not a single person who is not affected by this issue.

 However, high blood pressure can be detected, and once you are aware of it, the treatment of the problem should be started at once.

In many people, high blood pressure shows no signs and symptoms even after it reaches a dangerous level. But there are some telltale signs that loudly indicate you about the problem, and you need to pick up those cues.

The common symptoms that may help in diagnosing hypertension or high blood pressure are:

  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Nosebleeds
  • Dizziness
  • Heart palpitations
  • Breathlessness
  • Blurred or double vision

All these above signs and symptoms are, however, not specific and generally do not occur until high blood pressure reaches a dangerous level, which can be at times life-threatening too.

People can get affected by the issue of blood pressure due to numerous reasons. It can even affect a small child to an older adult. People with these conditions are at maximum risk of the blood pressure problem. It includes:

  • Kidney disease
  • Obesity
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Lupus
  • Underactive or overactive thyroid
  • Scleroderma
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Acromegaly
  • Pheochromocytoma

Apart from the above-mentioned reasons, leading an unhealthy lifestyle like eating a fat diet, drinking excessive alcohol, smoking tobacco, and the use of some medications can also increase the blood pressure level in your body.

Blood pressure can be measured on a regular basis at any physician or doctor’s clinic. The doctor will take the readings and evaluate whether there is any risk due to the blood pressure issue.

The treatment of high blood pressure involves the use of some beta-blocking drugs and diuretics. Along with that, engaging in some physical exercise is also recommended that will benefit blood circulation and promote the health of the heart.

Reducing salt intake, avoiding alcohol consumption, and staying away from cigarettes is advised to control the problem of blood pressure. Including healthy food in your diet like fresh vegetables and fruits regularly can also help in tackling the blood pressure issue.

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