E-Cigarettes are 10 Times More Carcinogenic: Japan Researchers

Up to 10 times the amount of cancer-causing agents as regular tobacco, is found in E-cigarettes, Japanese scientists said Thursday. This came as a latest blow to an invention once heralded as less harmful than smoking. A team of researchers commissioned by Japan's Health Ministry studied the vapour produced by e-cigarettes for signs of carcinogens, a media report said. The electronic devices -- increasingly popular around the world, particularly among ...
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Psychiatric Disorders in Young People After Release from Detention

High risk for disorders is seen five years after detention, in juvenile offenders with multiple psychiatric disorders, when they are incarcerated in detention centers. This was revealed in a report published online by iJAMA Psychiatry/i. Psychiatric disorders are prevalent among juvenile detainees. However, far less is known about the young people after they leave detention. Karen M. Abram, Ph.D., of the Northwestern University Feinberg School of ...
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Majority of People With Dementia Never Have Screening

A new study says that most of the people with dementia have never seen a doctor about their memory and thinking problems. The study is published in the November 26, 2014, online issue of iNeurology/iA (Regd) , the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. In the study, 55 percent of the people with dementia had never had an evaluation of their thinking and memory skills with a doctor. "These results suggest that approximately 1.8 million Americans ...
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Significantly Increased Risk of Stillbirth in Males Revealed in Study

Male babies are more likely to be stillborn than female babies, found in a large-scale study led by the University of Exeter. Published in the journal emBMC Medicine/em, the study reviewed more than 30 million births globally, and found that the risk of stillbirth is about ten percent higher in boys. This equates to a loss of around 100 000 additional male babies per year. The results could help to explain why some pregnancies go wrong. Around a quarter of stillbirths ...
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First Human Trials of Ebola Vaccine is Promising: NIH

A Phase 1 trial of Ebola vaccine is showing promising results, say researchers, adding that they are one step closer to developing Ebola vaccine. But it will be months at the earliest before it can be used in the field. The news comes amid the worst ever outbreak of the hemorrhagic fever, which has killed 5,500 people so far, mostly in West Africa. Pharmaceutical companies and health agencies scramble to fast-track experimental drugs and vaccines that ...
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Response to New Immunotherapy Drug Predicted by Protein

Patients with different types of cancer respond differently to treatment. The presence of an immune-suppressing protein in non-cancerous immune cells may predict this response. This was shown in a multi-center phase I study using an investigational immune therapy drug. The study, led by a Yale Cancer Center investigator, is described in the Nov. 27 edition of the journal iNature/i. The trial included patients with melanoma or cancers of the lung, kidney, colon, ...
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Bahrain Woman on New Device ‘Novalung’ Until Lung Transplant

Fatima Mohammed, a 64-year-old woman from Bahrain had undergone a lung transplant few years ago as she had a lung failure. However, the lungs deteriorated due to a fungal condition, which led to Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome (BOS). She has now been put on artificial lungs named 'Novalung', an interventional lung assist (ILA), a part of which is outside the body is implanted through the femoral artery and vein. The artificial device does not require any external ...
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Cancer Progression in Many Tumours may be Due to Enzymes

KRAS gene mutations have long been known to cause cancer, and about one in three of solid tumours have KRAS mutations or mutations in the KRAS pathway. KRAS promotes cancer formation not only by driving cell growth and division, but also by turning off protective tumor suppressor genes, which normally limit uncontrolled cell growth and cause damaged cells to self-destruct. A new University of Iowa study provided a deeper understanding of how KRAS turns off tumor ...
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Cipla and Strides Sign Pact With MMV: Fight Against Malaria

In collaboration with MMV, based in Switzerland, Cipla and Strides Arcolab venture to develop rectal artesunate for pre-referral malaria treatment severe in children. The MMV-led project is UNITAID funded and intend to submit a rectal artesunate product to WHO World Health Organisation. A 5.6 million cases have been estimated for severe malaria every year and results to 627,000 deaths and it includes mostly children under five years. "We have agreed a clear ...
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