People With Chronic Fatigue Display Distinct Brain Abnormalities

The brains of patients suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome have at least three distinct abnormalities compared to those of healthy people, a new study involving 15 patients revealed. The findings, if confirmed, could lead to new ways to diagnose and treat the troublesome condition that affects more than a million Americans, said the study conducted by Stanford University researchers in the peer-reviewed journal Radiology. "Using a trio of sophisticated ...
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Researchers Demonstrate Ability to Monitor Heart Condition of Marathon Runners in Real Time

Researchers have demonstrated the ability to accurately monitor the condition of an athlete's heart all throughout a marathon race in real time with the help of continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) surveillance and data transfer over the public mobile phone network, which can be used not only to monitor the endurance of athletes but also to make 'instantaneous diagnosis of potentially fatal rhythm disorders'. Following trails in two marathon races, the investigators ...
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Binge Drinking in Adolescence Linked With Structural Changes in Brain

Heavy drinking during teenage years can lead to structural changes in the brain that can cause memory deficits which persist into adulthood, a new study reveals. The study found that, even as adults, rats given daily access to alcohol during adolescence had reduced levels of myelin - the fatty coating on nerve fibers that accelerates the transmission of electrical signals between neurons. These changes were observed in a brain region important in reasoning ...
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Google Takes on Apple’s ‘Healthkit’ With ‘Google Fit’ App

Throwing a direct challenge to Apple's 'Healthkit' app, Google has announced the launch of its new fitness app, 'Google Fit', for android devices. Google said that the app allows users to monitor their health goals and workout stats. It can also monitor walking, running and cycling when used as a standalone health tracker, reported The Verge. Users can also set goals based on duration or the total number of steps involved and the app will keep one informed ...
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Red Cross and Obama Express Optimism in the Battle Against Ebola

With the number of dead bodies being collected in Liberia's capital city Monrovia seeing a dramatic fall, US President Barack Obama and the Red Cross have expressed optimism that the battle against the Ebola outbreak in West Africa is being won. Obama on Tuesday hailed progress in the fight against the disease, which has already killed almost 5,000 people, but said Washington would remain "vigilant," and stressed that science, not fear, should guide the response ...
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Harsh Vardhan Wants Complete Ban on E-Cigarette and Other Similar Devices

Expressing concern over the higher possibility of nicotine addiction through e-cigarettes and other Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan revealed that he is in favor of banning such devices. "In our national consultation it has been shown that children and other non-smokers tend to develop nicotine addiction at a rate greater than situations where ENDS did not exist. And after that the slide to tobacco is practically ...
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Research Reveals Integrins Losing Their Grip Leads to Activation of T Cell Immune Response

Research has shown that integrins, which are adhesion molecules expressed on the surface of cells, play a crucial role in "integrating" the cell exterior and the interior cytoskeleton in cells. The beta2-integrin family members are highly expressed in dendritic cells that are very important in immune responses. Dendritic cells pick up antigens in inflamed tissues and move to lymph nodes where they present the antigen to T cells and activate them to help fight infection. ...
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Prenatal Exposure to Phthalate Linked With Shorter Anogenital Distance

Researchers studying the effects of prenatal exposure to the phthalate DiNP have found that it was linked with shorter anogenital distance (AGD) in Swedish boys at the age of 21 months, raising concerns as shorter AGD has been linked with male genital birth defects and impaired reproductive function in adult males even as the levels of DiNP metabolites in humans are on the rise globally. BackgroundPhthalates are used as plasticizers in soft polyvinyl chloride ...
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Delivery of Therapeutics to the Brain may be Facilitated by New Technology

An article in a recent issue of the journal iTechnology/i, published by World Scientific Publishing Company, sheds light on a new technology that may assist in the treatment of brain cancer and other neurological diseases. According to the authors, the current medical use of chemotherapy to treat brain cancer can be inefficient because of the blood-brain-barrier that impedes the delivery of drugs out of blood vessels and into the tumor. The researchers ...
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Fecal Testing may be Effective in Familial Colorectal Cancer Screening

A new study in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association, says that fecal immunochemical tests (FIT) may be as effective as colonoscopies when it comes to detecting colorectal cancer among first-degree relatives of patients with colorectal cancer. "In our study, repeat FIT screening detected all colorectal cancers in asymptomatic first-degree relatives of patients with colorectal cancer," said lead study authors Enrique ...
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